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1. Which is the only continent through which all three main latitude lines - Equator, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn - passes --> Africa
2. Kavaratti, an island town, is the capital of which Indian union territory --> Lakshadweep
3. Which is the largest hot & cold deserts in the world --> Sahara & Antarctica
4. What is an extensive interconnected network of trade routes across the Asian continent connecting East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean world, including North Africa and Europe --> Silk Road or Silk Route
5. Which type of soil is capable of holding moisture for release to plants during the dry period --> Black soil
6. A linear-shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges created by the action of a geologic rift or fault is called --> rift valley
7. What is the most common example of a rift valley in the world --> Dead Sea
8. Situated in south-east Siberia, the 3.15-million-ha Lake ………. Is the oldest (25 million years) and deepest (1,700 m) lake in the world --> Baikal
9. What is a deep valley between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river --> Canyon
10. Horseshoe Canyon is located in which country --> Canada
11. When decaying vegetations produce organic acids which cause a breakdown of minerals , which kind of weathering is called this
concept --> Chemical weathering
12. What is Diego Garcia --> island in the Indian ocean with large military base
13. An astronomical term referring to the apparent daily motion of stars around the Earth, or more precisely around the two celestial
poles is called --> Diurnal motion
14. Where is located Dakshin Gangotri --> Antarctica (weather and scientific recording station)
15. A belt of calm and light variable winds near the equator are called --> Doldrums
16. Down warping of Rajmahal Garo gap took place in which epoch --> Eocene
17. The Eocene spans the time from the end of the Paleocene epoch to the beginning of the …….epoch --> Oligocene
18. What is the relative position of Sun, Moon and earth during solar eclipse --> Moon between Sun and Earth
19. During the first half of year, when northern hemisphere tilts towards Sun, in which hemisphere is winter and in which summer --> Northern -summer, Southern winter
20. Which Monsoon first hits the Western Ghats of the coastal state of Kerala, India and hence Kerala is the first state in India to
receive rain from it --> South West Monsoon
21. What name has been given to the development of warm surface waters in the equatorial pacific ocean --> El Nino
22. With distance from which place each time zone has been defined --> Greenwich
23. What is the precise time of earth rotation on axis --> 23 hrs, 56 minutes and 4.9 seconds
24. How many years ago earth is believed to be originated --> 4600 million
25. Mangoloids were believed to be associated a chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. What was it called --> Down's Syndroms
26. What kind of regions are normally related to earthquakes and volcanoes --> Folded and faulted
27. What kind of energy is earthquake that is transferred through the bedrock --> wave energy
28. Tectonism causes what --> earthquake
29. The Eucla Basin is an artesian depression located in --> Australia
30. Which canal separates Africa from Asia --> Suez Canal
31. Which one is smallest continent of world --> Australia
32. Which volcano is called the "light pillar of Mediterranean sea" --> Stromboli
33. What is the average density of earth --> 5.5
34. World's largest trade centre of diamond is in which country --> Antwerp in Belgium
35. Black Mountain is in which country --> Bhutan
36. When sun is vertically above the equator what is it called --> Equinox
37. When earth is farthest from sun it is called --> Aphelion
38. "Land of Morning Calm" is name of which country --> Korea
39. The luminous effect of electromagnetic phenomena in the ionosphere is known as --> AURORA
40. Which city is on the banks of "Seine" River --> P aris
41. Which kind of soils are best for the production of cotton --> Black Soil
42. The forests that mostly grow in the belt of land lying between 50 degree and 70 degree in north --> Temperate Coniferous Forests
43. Bolivia is an important producer of iron / cocoa / tin --> Tin
44. What was the earlier name of Cambodia --> Kampuchea
45. What is the name of the city where President Kennedy was assassinated --> Dallas
46. What kind of climate is in Central & Western Part of California --> Mediterranean
47. What is the capital and currency of Libya --> Tripoli - Libyan Dinar
48. Which country is the largest producer of cotton in the world --> China followed by USA, India
49. What is a contour --> Areas of equal height above sea level
50. What are Isotherms --> Area having the same temperature


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